Retinal Tear

A retinal tear is caused by the vitreous pulling on the peripheral retina. It can cause a retinal detachment.

What is a retinal tear?

The retina is the light-sensitive layer of tissue that lines the inside of the eye and sends visual messages through the optic nerve to the brain. The vitreous inside the eye (see image) can pull on the retina and cause a tear. Retinal tears occur in about 2 percent of eyes at the time of a posterior vitreous detachment. Once there is a tear, fluid can travel from inside the eye to under the retina. The risk of retinal detachment in an eye with a fresh retinal tear is about 70 percent. Treatment can reduce the risk of a tear progressing to a retinal detachment to about one percent. Ten percent of eyes with a retinal tear develop subsequent retinal tears, most within the first 2 months of onset of the symptoms.

What are Symptoms of a retinal tear?

Symptoms include a sudden or gradual increase in either the number of floaters, which are little "cobwebs" or specks that float about in your field of vision, and/or light flashes in the eye. At least half the time when the retina tears, a blood vessel in the retina is broken. When that occurs, blood is released into the vitreous which looks like hundreds of tiny pepper spots. You can see a little blood next to the retinal tear in the accompanying image. The spots might look black or red. Retinal tears occur in the far periphery of the retina. Unless there is also a retinal detachment, the change in vision from a retinal tear is not noticeable. If someone sees a shadow and loss of side vision, that means the retinal tear has progressed to a retinal detachment.

What is Laser Surgery?

A retinal tear can be treated with laser surgery or cryotherapy. Both accomplish the same goal:creating an adhesion around the tear to prevent a retinal detachment. The accompanying image shows fresh laser spots surrounding a retinal tear. Both treatments are safe with a very small risk of complications. Both laser and cryotherapy do not immediately create an adhesion. The adhesion is fairly good at one week and very good at four weeks. So it is important to ease into jarring activity following treatment for a retinal tear. Anything that creates excessive movement of the eye can be dangerous until the adhesion is formed. Reading, because of the back and forth movement of the eyes, is usually discouraged for a time following treatment of a retinal tear. About 10 percent of people who have had a retinal tear develop a subsequent retinal tear. Therefore if new and different symptoms occur following treatment it is important to notify your physician.

What about asymptomatic retinal holes?

Small asymptomatic retinal holes are not uncommon and usually do not need to be treated. Some surveys suggest that retinal holes are common and may exist in up to 8 percent of all eyes. The reason that retinal holes rarely cause retinal detachments is that they are not under traction. There are several forces that keep your retina attached. There is a suction force exerted by the retinal pigment epithelium. In addition, the retinal cells interdigitate with the underlying retinal pigment epithelial cells holding the retina in place like Velcro. To create a retinal detachment, a sufficient tractional force has to pull the retina out of position to allow fluid to traverse a retinal hole and enter the subretinal space and cause a retinal detachment. The absence of traction around a retinal hole seems to prevent retinal holes from progressing to retinal detachments.

Retinal Tear NEWS

Below are current articles from a Google News Feed on Central Retinal Tear


Posterior vitreous detachment - prevalence of and risk factors for retinal tears
Dove Medical Press
The incidence of retinal tears was 14.5% (n=53) and that of vitreous and/or retinal hemorrhage was 22.7% (n=83). For analysis of possible predictors for complications to PVD, patients diagnosed with retinal tears or vitreous hemorrhage between May and ...


Illawarra Mercury

Eye Health: Keep an eye on vision
Illawarra Mercury
Surgeries include LASIK (laser vision correction), retinal tear/detachment repair, strabismus correction, etc. Seeing an ophthalmologist requires a referral unless a patient presents to the ER. If a patient is already under their care, contact them ...


Savannah Tribune

September – Sports Eye Safety Month:
Savannah Tribune
Retinal tear or detachment – in any sports, this condition can occur when the lining of the eye (the retina) separates from the inside wall of the eye. If this occurs, the symptoms are flashing lights, floating spots, or noticing a curtain-veil drop in ...


Herald Keeper

Retinal Detachment Market US $ 2689.2 Million Projected To Reach by 2023
Herald Keeper
Retinal detachment occurs when the light-sensitive membrane (retina) in the back of the eye separates from its supporting layers. Most of the retinal detachments occurs due to retinal break, tear or hole. Retinal detachment can cause partial or total ...

and more »

Spark Therapeutics Announces Publication of Study Confirming Novel Test's Validity, Reliability and Ability to ...
Nasdaq
The most common adverse reactions related to LUXTURNA reported in 10 percent or greater of the combined Phase 1 and Phase 3 trial participants included conjunctival hyperemia, cataract, increased intraocular pressure and retinal tear.

and more »

News-Medical.net

Should You Seek Help for Eye Floaters?
News-Medical.net
Sometimes, when the vitreous detaches itself from the retina, it can create small holes or tears in the retina. When the tear has disrupted a blood vessel it can cause vitreous hemorrhage. Under these situations, patients may report impaired vision and ...


Daily Sabah

Take care of your vision for higher quality of life
Daily Sabah
The eyes are one of the most important organs of the body and have a profound effect on our daily lives. For those who have proper vision, it may be easy to forget the miraculous function of this small pair of organs. However, our eyes and their ...


Express.co.uk

Martin Newell: My new clarity of vision marks the end of a four-year battle for my sight
Express.co.uk
After more tests I was diagnosed with a detached retina and thus began a series of operations, during which time further complications arose, now involving both eyes. Untreatable glaucoma, numerous different eye drops, a retinal tear in my other eye ...


Global Vitreous Tamponades Market By Analysis of Major Industry Segments 2014 – 2020
Medgadget (blog)
Vitreous tamponade is researched to be an ideal synthetic substitute for vitreous humor which disintegrates with age, eventually leading to retinal detachment or tear. Moreover, vitreous tamponade could aid the healing process. As per a latest study ...


Wharfedale Observer

Horsforth woman's sight is saved by lucky break
Wharfedale Observer
Anjham Akbar, said: "The eye examination showed that Heather had a large retinal tear. I therefore had to act quickly to get her seen at a specialist eye unit as soon as possible. Her condition, if left untreated, would have caused Heather to lose her ...


Vitreous tamponades market insights shared in detailed report
WhaTech
... aging patients with a synthetic alternative that could act as a retinal reattachment medium. Vitreous tamponade is researched to be an ideal synthetic substitute for vitreous humor which disintegrates with age, eventually leading to retinal ...


Reading Eagle

Showing the way to better night vision
Reading Eagle
Dry eye results from a reduction of the quality and/or quantity of tears that bathe the surface of the eye. With dry eye, the patient is looking through an ... Dry eyes often result in fluctuations in vision, as the tear film is unstable and can vary ...


University of Utah Health Care

Retinal Detachment Sidelines Vikings Coach
University of Utah Health Care
The eyeball is filled with a clear material called “vitreous gel,” which is attached to the retina in the back of the eye. As we age, this gel may change shape, pulling away from the retina. If it actually pulls a piece of the retina with it, you have ...


Strabismus After Ocular Surgery
Healio
Many types of ocular surgery can cause diplopia, including eyelid, conjunctival, cataract, refractive, glaucoma, retinal, and orbital surgery. ..... Restrictive strabismus and diplopia 2 years after conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy with medpor-coated ...


Runner's World

Can Running Cause Retinal Detachment—or Make It Worse?
Runner's World
At six months, there was no statistically significant difference between the groups with regard to complications or re-tear, and after one year their vision testing was equal. Eye care has changed a lot since 1984, all for the better, so I can only ...


Accuracy of B-scan ultrasonography in acute fundus obscuring vitreous hemorrhage using a standardized scanning ...
Dove Medical Press
An underlying rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and retinal tears without RRD were reported in nine and 14 patients, respectively. Nineteen of these patients underwent vitrectomy, and the other four underwent laser retinopexy or cryopexy alone.


Rochester Democrat and Chronicle

See floaters like these? Could be fine — or serious
Rochester Democrat and Chronicle
Though most floaters (or the less typical flashers) are the benign effects of aging eyes, their first appearance, or a fresh wave of them, always warrants a prompt appointment for an eye exam to rule out a serious medical situation such as a retinal ...


9NEWS.com

Here's how fast your retina could burn looking at eclipse unprotected
9NEWS.com
If the sun burns your retina while trying to stare unprotected at Monday's solar eclipse, you may not know it until it's too late. That's one of the eye-opening (pun intended) facts presented in a video by University of Washington Medicine. To give an ...

and more »

News-Medical.net

Vitreous Detachment Treatment
News-Medical.net
A vitreous detachment by itself does not cause any visual problems. However, it is associated with a significant number of patients who have retinal tears or the formation of a macular hole. These are serious threats to the eyesight and so require ...

and more »

Managing challenges in giant retinal tear re-attachment
ModernMedicine
Giant retinal tears pose outsize challenges for physicians, including the risks of hemorrhage, heavy fluid droplets, and macular holes, according to Gerardo Ledesma-Gil, MD, who was challenged with both of these complications in a recent case.


Volleyball Magazine

After terrifying injury, Slick's new focus, vision pay off for him, Allen
Volleyball Magazine
That's because Slick's career was almost ended during the AVP New Orleans quarterfinals when a spike caught him full force in the left eyeball and tore his retina. It was perilously close to a full detachment. And that's why Slick wears those ...


News-Medical.net

Preventing Retinal Detachment
News-Medical.net
However, prevention of retinal detachment starts with having regular routine eye examinations every year or two. These help your eye specialist to detect any changes such as inflammation, thinning or tears in the retina which could progress to retinal ...

and more »

San Jose Mercury News

Vision loss from retinal tears can be prevented
San Jose Mercury News
Although the occasional splotch of debris drifting across an eye is common — and retinal tears are not — ignoring these symptoms could lead to retinal detachment and permanent vision loss, he said. “I discounted the signs,” said Collins, who was 71 ...

and more »

Bel Marra Health

Light flashes in the eye: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Bel Marra Health
When the vitreous fluid in your eye rubs or pulls against the retina, it may present itself as a flash of light or lightning streaks. This sensation can also be experienced if you have been stricken in the eye and see a bright light before regaining ...


CNN

You saw the eclipse -- so should you see the eye doctor?
CNN
"While most patients have not had any permanent issues, a few have been found to have some retinal changes, which will require monitoring. "Sun exposure can cause damage to many structures in the eye," Deobhakta added. "While we normally focus on ...
Signs of eye damage from staring at solar eclipseWinston-Salem Journal

all 286 news articles »

TwinCities.com-Pioneer Press

The evolution from an eye scratch to major surgery for Mike Zimmer
Minneapolis Star Tribune
But four weeks later Zimmer was forced to undergo emergency surgery because the tear evolved into a detached retina. It needed to be fixed immediately or he risked going blind in that eye. Zimmer, 60, apparently scratched his right eye during the game ...
Vikings' Mike Zimmer has a detached retina. What does that mean?TwinCities.com-Pioneer Press

all 1,561 news articles »

Trinidad & Tobago Express

Vitreous haemorrhage
Trinidad & Tobago Express
This is a clear jelly-like substance that makes up about 80 per cent of the volume of the eye. It supports the shape of the globe of the eye whilst letting light through. It is made up mainly of water but with some collagen and hyaluronic acid. The ...


Virginian-Pilot

Bald eagle found injured in Virginia Beach euthanized after surgery complications
Virginian-Pilot
This bald eagle was found with broken wing bones in Virginia Beach on Tuesday, March 21, 2017. It was rescued by the Virginia Beach SPCA, examined and sent to the Wildlife Center of Virginia for surgery and rehabilitation. It was later euthanized.

and more »

PED, neovascular AMD associated with RPE tears after anti-VEGF injections
Healio
Nearly 8% of eyes with neovascular age-related macular degeneration and fibrovascular pigment epithelial detachment developed retinal pigment epithelium tears after intravitreal ranibizumab injections, according to a Korean study. Even though a patient ...


1500 ESPN

Mike Zimmer has surgery to repair a torn retina, watches film with one eye
1500 ESPN
Retinal tearing is a potentially serious issue if not caught early enough. If the retina detaches, it could cause blindness in that eye, according to someone in the medical community. But it's possible it would have grown progressively worse and it ...
Vikings coach Mike Zimmer had eye surgery for torn retinaUSA TODAY
Vikings offensive coordinator Norv Turner has resignedKMSP-TV

all 373 news articles »
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